React.js checkout

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Overview

In this guide you will learn how to create a checkout page to convert cart items into an order, as well and add a confirmation page to display a successful order message. Below outlines what this guide will achieve:

  1. Add page routing to the application
  2. Generate a checkout token to capture the order
  3. Create a checkout page with a form
  4. Create a confirmation page to display an order reference and receipt

See live demo

React checkout

Requirements

What you will need to start this project:

  • An IDE or code editor
  • NodeJS, at least v8
  • npm or yarn
  • React devtools (recommended)

Prerequisites

This project assumes you have some knowledge of the below concepts before starting:

  • Basic knowledge of JavaScript
  • Some knowledge of React
  • An idea of the JAMstack architecture and how APIs work

Some things to note

  • The purpose of this guide is to focus on the Commerce.js checkout integration, using React to build the application. We will therefore not be covering styling details
  • We will not be going over any Font Awesome usage
  • We will not be going over any UI details that do not pertain much to Commerce.js methods

Checkout

1. Set up routing

For a fully functional SPA (single page application) to scale correctly, you will need to add routing so customers can navigate between cart and checkout pages easily.

It's now time to jump back into where you left off from the previous cart guide and add react-router-dom, a routing library for React web applications, to your project. You will only need to install react-router-dom and not react-router, which is for React Native. Install the routing library by running the following command:

yarn add react-router-dom
# OR
npm i react-router-dom

After installing, make sure the router component is rendered at the root of your element hierarchy so you have access to the routes you will be setting up. First, go into src/index.js, import the [BrowserRouter](https://reactrouter.com/web/guides/primary-components) component in and wrap the <App> element in the router component.

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import App from './App';
import { BrowserRouter as Router } from 'react-router-dom';

ReactDOM.render(
  <Router>
    <App />
  </Router>
, document.getElementById("root"));

Now that you've added routing to serve your whole application, add page components that you'll be creating in the next section to the Route Matchers components <Route> and <Switch> in App.js.

First, import the Route Matchers components Route and Switch from react-router-dom.

// App.js
import { Switch, Route } from 'react-router-dom'

Next, in your render function, wrap your <Cart> and <Products> components in a <Route> element.

// App.js
<Route
  path="/"
  exact
  render={(props) => {
    return (
      <>
        <Hero
          merchant={merchant}
        />
        { this.renderCartNav() }
        {isCartVisible &&
          <Cart
            {...props}
            cart={cart}
            onUpdateCartQty={this.handleUpdateCartQty}
            onRemoveFromCart={this.handleRemoveFromCart}
            onEmptyCart={this.handleEmptyCart}
          />
        }  
        <ProductsList
          {...props}
          products={products}
          onAddToCart={this.handleAddToCart}
        />
      </>
    );
  }}
/>

Summarizing the above code block - the <Route> includes the attributes:

  • path's value points to the path you want to route to.
  • render outputs the components included in the view page indicated at the path value. You can optionally pass props to the render attribute.
  • exact attribute ensures the <Route path> matches the entire URL.

Now that you've set the initial route component, include a <Checkout> component which you will get to creating next.

// App.js
return (
  <div className="app">
    <Switch>
      <Route
        path="/"
        exact
        render={(props) => {
          return (
            <>
              <Hero
                merchant={merchant}
              />
              { this.renderCartNav() }
              {isCartVisible &&
                <Cart
                  {...props}
                  cart={cart}
                  onUpdateCartQty={this.handleUpdateCartQty}
                  onRemoveFromCart={this.handleRemoveFromCart}
                  onEmptyCart={this.handleEmptyCart}
                />
              } 
              <ProductsList
                {...props}
                products={products}
                onAddToCart={this.handleAddToCart}
              />
            </>
          );
        }}
      />
      <Route
        path="/checkout"
        exact
        render={(props) => {
          return (
            <Checkout
              {...props}
              cart={cart}
            />
          )
        }}
      />
    </Switch>
  </div>
);

Note the <Switch> element, which was imported from the react-router-dom module earlier, wrapping around the <Route>s. When the <Switch>element renders, it will search through the child elements to render the one whose path matches the current URL.

Secondly, a new <Route> element was added which returns a <Checkout> component with a path pointing to /checkout. Pass {...props} and cart={cart} to ensure you have access to them in the checkout component. You will create this component in the upcoming section. This is all the routing setup you will need for now until the remaining view components are added later in the guide.

Lastly, the checkout page will need to be pushed into view from the cart checkout button created in the previous cart guide. Go into Cart.js to import the Link component, a navigation component, and replace the checkout <button> element with a <Link> component.

<div className="cart__footer">
  <button className="cart__btn-empty" onClick={this.handleEmptyCart}>Empty cart</button>
  <Link
    className="cart__btn-checkout"
    to="/checkout"
  >
    Checkout
  </Link> 
</div>

Now, if you click the link, you should be routed to a blank page with the URL ending in /checkout.

2. Generate token in the checkout component

In step 1, you created the appropriate route components to navigate to a checkout page. You will now create that view page to render when the router points to the /checkout path.

First, create a new folder src/pages and a Checkout.js page component. This page component is going to get real hefty quite fast, but it will be broken it down into chunks throughout the rest of this guide.

The Checkout resource in Commerce.js helps to handle one of the most complex moving parts of an eCommerce application. The Checkout endpoint comes with the core commerce.checkout.generateToken() and commerce.checkout.capture() methods along with Checkout helpers - additional helper functions for a seamless purchasing flow which will be covered later on.

In the Checkout.js page component, you'll start by initializing all the data required in this component to build the checkout page and form.

Commerce.js provides a powerful method commerce.checkout.generateToken() to capture all the data needed from the cart and initiate the checkout process simply by providing a cart ID, a product ID, or a product's permalink as an argument. You'll use a cart ID since we've already built the cart.

First, create a class component then initialize a checkoutToken in the constructor's state.

class Checkout extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);

    this.state = {
      checkoutToken: {},
    }
  };

  render() {
    return (
      <div></div>
    );
  };
};

export default Checkout;

Next, create the helper function generateCheckoutToken() that will generate the checkout token needed to capture the checkout.

/**
 *  Generates a checkout token
 *  https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/checkout#generate-token
 */
generateCheckoutToken() {
  const { cart } = this.props;
  if (cart.line_items.length) {
    commerce.checkout.generateToken(cart.id, { type: 'cart' })
      .then((token) => {
        this.setState({ checkoutToken: token });
    }).catch((error) => {
      console.log('There was an error in generating a token', error);
    });
  }
}

The commerce.checkout.generateToken() method takes in your cart ID and the identifier type cart. The type property is an optional parameter you can pass in as an identifier, in this case cart is the type associated to this.cart.id. First check that line_items in cart exists with an if statement before inserting the generateToken() method. The returned token object will be stored in the checkoutToken state you created above after a successful request.

To call this function, include it in the componentDidMount lifecyle hook to generate a token when the component mounts.

componentDidMount() {
  this.generateCheckoutToken();
}

When you click the checkout button from the cart page, you will be routed to /checkout and the generateCheckoutToken() function will run. Upon a successful request to generate the checkout token, you should receive an abbreviated response like the below JSON data:

{
  "id": "chkt_3l8XzLNjjR9WOl",
  "cart_id": "cart_nldQ8kbzy3QgMw",
  "created": 1602265312,
  "expires": 1602870112,
  "conditionals": {
    "collects_fullname": false,
    "collects_shipping_address": true,
    "collects_billing_address": false,
    "has_physical_delivery": true,
    "has_digital_delivery": true,
    "has_pay_what_you_want": false,
    "has_available_discounts": true,
    "collects_extrafields": false,
    "is_cart_free": false
  },
  "has": {
    "physical_delivery": true,
    "digital_delivery": true,
    "pay_what_you_want": false,
    "available_discounts": true
  },
  "is": {
    "cart_free": false
  },
  "products": [
    {
      "id": "prod_NqKE50BR4wdgBL",
      "created": 1594075580,
      "last_updated": 1600635997,
      "active": true,
      "permalink": "TSUTww",
      "name": "Kettle",
      "description": "<p>Black stove-top kettle</p>",
      "price": {
        "raw": 45.5,
        "formatted": "45.50",
        "formatted_with_symbol": "$45.50",
        "formatted_with_code": "45.50 USD"
      },
      "quantity": 0,
      "media": {
        "type": "image",
        "source": "https://cdn.chec.io/merchants/18462/images/676785cedc85f69ab27c42c307af5dec30120ab75f03a9889ab29|u9 1.png"
      },
      "sku": null,
      "sort_order": 0,
      "seo": {
        "title": null,
        "description": null
      },
      "is": {
        "active": true,
        "free": false,
        "tax_exempt": false,
        "pay_what_you_want": false,
        "quantity_limited": false,
        "sold_out": false
      },
      "has": {
        "digital_delivery": false,
        "physical_delivery": true,
        "images": true,
        "video": false,
        "rich_embed": false
      },
      "checkout_url": {
        "checkout": "https://checkout.chec.io/TSUTww?checkout=true",
        "display": "https://checkout.chec.io/TSUTww"
      },
      "extrafields": [],
      "variants": [],
      "categories": [
        {
          "id": "cat_3zkK6oLvVlXn0Q",
          "slug": "office",
          "name": "Home office"
        }
      ],
      "assets": [
        {
          "id": "ast_7ZAMo1Mp7oNJ4x",
          "url": "https://cdn.chec.io/merchants/18462/images/676785cedc85f69ab27c42c307af5dec30120ab75f03a9889ab29|u9 1.png",
          "is_image": true,
          "filename": "",
          "file_size": null,
          "file_extension": "",
          "meta": [],
          "created_at": 1594075541,
          "updated_at": 1594075541
        }
      ],
      "related_products": []
    },
  ],
  "gateways": {
    "available": {
      "test_gateway": true,
      "stripe": false,
      "square": false,
      "paypal": false,
      "paymill": false,
      "razorpay": false,
      "manual": false
    },
    "available_count": 1,
    "test_gateway": {
      "type": "card",
      "settings": []
    }
  },
  "shipping_methods": [
    {
      "id": "ship_kpnNwAjO9omXB3",
      "description": "US",
      "price": {
        "raw": 5,
        "formatted": "5.00",
        "formatted_with_symbol": "$5.00",
        "formatted_with_code": "5.00 USD"
      },
      "countries": [
        "US"
      ],
      "regions": {
        "US": [
          "US-AL",
        ]
      }
    },
  ],
  "live": {
    "merchant_id": 18462,
    "currency": {
      "code": "USD",
      "symbol": "$"
    },
    "subtotal": {
      "raw": 59,
      "formatted": "59.00",
      "formatted_with_symbol": "$59.00",
      "formatted_with_code": "59.00 USD"
    },
    "total": {
      "raw": 59,
      "formatted": "59.00",
      "formatted_with_symbol": "$59.00",
      "formatted_with_code": "59.00 USD"
    },
    "total_with_tax": {
      "raw": 59,
      "formatted": "59.00",
      "formatted_with_symbol": "$59.00",
      "formatted_with_code": "59.00 USD"
    },
    "total_due": {
      "raw": 59,
      "formatted": "59.00",
      "formatted_with_symbol": "$59.00",
      "formatted_with_code": "59.00 USD"
    },
    "line_items": [
      {
        "id": "item_7RyWOwmK5nEa2V",
        "product_id": "prod_NqKE50BR4wdgBL",
        "name": "Kettle",
        "product_name": "Kettle",
        "media": {
          "type": "image",
          "source": "https://cdn.chec.io/merchants/18462/images/676785cedc85f69ab27c42c307af5dec30120ab75f03a9889ab29|u9 1.png"
        },
        "sku": null,
        "quantity": 1,
        "price": {
          "raw": 45.5,
          "formatted": "45.50",
          "formatted_with_symbol": "$45.50",
          "formatted_with_code": "45.50 USD"
        },
        "line_total": {
          "raw": 45.5,
          "formatted": "45.50",
          "formatted_with_symbol": "$45.50",
          "formatted_with_code": "45.50 USD"
        },
        "type": "standard",
        "tax": {
          "is_taxable": false,
          "taxable_amount": null,
          "amount": null,
          "breakdown": null
        },
        "variants": []
      },
    ],
  },
}

3. Build the checkout page

There are four core properties that are required to process an order using Commerce.js - customer, shipping, fulfillment, and payment. Go back to your constructor's state and start to define the fields you need to capture in the checkout form. The main property objects will all go under a form object. You will then bind these properties to each single field in the render function with the value attribute. Note the values filled out in the data, these are arbitrary values that will prefill the checkout form when it mounts. You'll remove these in a real application.

class Checkout extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);

    this.state = {
      checkoutToken: {},
      // Customer details
      firstName: 'Jane',
      lastName: 'Doe',
      email: 'janedoe@email.com',
      // Shipping details
      shippingName: 'Jane Doe',
      shippingStreet: '123 Fake St',
      shippingCity: 'San Francisco',
      shippingStateProvince: 'CA',
      shippingPostalZipCode: '94107',
      shippingCountry: 'US',
      // Payment details
      cardNum: '4242 4242 4242 4242',
      expMonth: '11',
      expYear: '2023',
      ccv: '123',
      billingPostalZipcode: '94107',
      // Shipping and fulfillment data
      shippingCountries: {},
      shippingSubdivisions: {},
      shippingOptions: [],
      shippingOption: '',
    };
  };
};

export default Checkout;

Since this page will contain a lot of markup to render a various components for field inputs and in turn can get quite bloated, you will want to create a separate render function for the checkout form. This keeps your checkout component file readable and organized. As mentioned above, bind the data to each of the value attributes in the input elements in the form element below. The inputs will be pre-filled with the state data created above.

renderCheckoutForm() {

  return (
    <form className="checkout__form">
      <h4 className="checkout__subheading">Customer information</h4>

      <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="firstName">First name</label>
      <input className="checkout__input" type="text" value={this.state.firstName} name="firstName" placeholder="Enter your first name" required />

      <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="lastName">Last name</label>
      <input className="checkout__input" type="text" value={this.state.lastName}name="lastName" placeholder="Enter your last name" required />

      <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="email">Email</label>
      <input className="checkout__input" type="text" value={this.state.email} name="email" placeholder="Enter your email" required />

      <h4 className="checkout__subheading">Shipping details</h4>

      <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingName">Full name</label>
      <input className="checkout__input" type="text" value={this.state.shippingName} name="shippingName" placeholder="Enter your shipping full name" required />

      <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingStreet">Street address</label>
      <input className="checkout__input" type="text" value={this.state.shippingStreet} name="shippingStreet" placeholder="Enter your street address" required />

      <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingCity">City</label>
      <input className="checkout__input" type="text" value={this.state.shippingCity} name="shippingCity" placeholder="Enter your city" required />

      <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingPostalZipCode">Postal/Zip code</label>
      <input className="checkout__input" type="text" value={this.state.shippingPostalZipCode} name="shippingPostalZipCode" placeholder="Enter your postal/zip code" required />

      <h4 className="checkout__subheading">Payment information</h4>

      <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="cardNum">Credit card number</label>
      <input className="checkout__input" type="text" name="cardNum" value={this.state.cardNum} placeholder="Enter your card number" />

      <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="expMonth">Expiry month</label>
      <input className="checkout__input" type="text" name="expMonth" value={this.state.expMonth} placeholder="Card expiry month" />

      <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="expYear">Expiry year</label>
      <input className="checkout__input" type="text" name="expYear" value={this.state.expYear} placeholder="Card expiry year" />

      <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="ccv">CCV</label>
      <input className="checkout__input" type="text" name="ccv" value={this.state.ccv} placeholder="CCV (3 digits)" />

      <button className="checkout__btn-confirm">Confirm order</button>
    </form>
  );
};

The fields above contain all the customer details and payment inputs you will need to collect from the customer. The shipping method data is also required in order to ship the items to the customer. Chec and Commerce.js has verbose shipment and fulfillment methods to handle this process. In the Chec Dashboard, worldwide shipping zones can be added in Settings > Shipping and then enabled at the product level. For this demo merchant account, US zone shipping for each product is enabled.

In the next section, Commerce.js checkout helper functions will be covered. These helper functions fetch a full list of countries, states, provinces, and shipping options to populate the form fields for fulfillment data collection.

3. Checkout helpers

First, go back to the constructor's state and initialize the empty objects and arrays that you will need to store the responses from the checkout helper methods. Initialize a shippingCountries object, a shippingSubdivisions object and a shippingOptions array.

this.state = {
  checkoutToken: {},
  // Customer details
  firstName: 'Jane',
  lastName: 'Doe',
  email: 'janedoe@email.com',
  // Shipping details
  shippingName: 'Jane Doe',
  shippingStreet: '123 Fake St',
  shippingCity: 'San Francisco',
  shippingStateProvince: 'CA',
  shippingPostalZipCode: '94107',
  shippingCountry: 'US',
  // Payment details
  cardNum: '4242 4242 4242 4242',
  expMonth: '11',
  expYear: '2023',
  ccv: '123',
  billingPostalZipcode: '94107',
  // Shipping and fulfillment data
  shippingCountries: {},
  shippingSubdivisions: {},
  shippingOptions: [],
  shippingOption: '',
}

With a created function fetchShippingCountries(), use commerce.services.localeListShipppingCountries() at GET v1/services/locale/{checkout_token_id}/countries to fetch and list all countries in the select options in the form.

/**
 * Fetches a list of countries available to ship to checkout token
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/checkout#list-available-shipping-countries
 *
 * @param {string} checkoutTokenId
 */
fetchShippingCountries(checkoutTokenId) {
  commerce.services.localeListShippingCountries(checkoutTokenId).then((countries) => {
    this.setState({ 
      shippingCountries: countries.countries,
    })
  }).catch((error) => {
    console.log('There was an error fetching a list of shipping countries', error);
  });
}

The response will be stored in the shippingCountries object you initialized earlier in the constructor. You will then be able to use this countries object to iterate and display a list of countries in a select element, which you will be adding later. The fetchSubdivisions() function below will walk through the same pattern as well.

A country code argument is required to make a request with commerce.services.localeListSubdivisions() to GET v1/services/locale/{country_code}/subdivisions to get a list of all subdivisions for that particular country.

/**
 * Fetches the subdivisions (provinces/states) in a country which
 * can be shipped to for the current checkout
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/checkout#list-subdivisions
 *
 * @param {string} countryCode
 */
fetchSubdivisions(countryCode) {
  commerce.services.localeListSubdivisions(countryCode).then((subdivisions) => {
      this.setState({
        shippingSubdivisions: subdivisions.subdivisions,
      })
  }).catch((error) => {
      console.log('There was an error fetching the subdivisions', error);
  });
},

With a successful request, the response will be stored in the this.state.shippingSubdivions array and will be used to iterate and output a select element in your template later on.

For your next checkout helper function, fetch the current shipping options available in your merchant account. This function will fetch all the shipping options that were registered in the Chec Dashboard and are applicable to the products in your cart using the commerce.checkout.getShippingOptions() method. This function takes in two required parameters - the checkoutTokenId, the country code for the provide country in our data, and the region is optional.

/**
 * Fetches the available shipping methods for the current checkout
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/checkout#get-shipping-methods
 *
 * @param {string} checkoutTokenId
 * @param {string} country
 * @param {string} stateProvince
 */
fetchShippingOptions(checkoutTokenId, country, stateProvince = null) {
  commerce.checkout.getShippingOptions(checkoutTokenId,
    { 
      country: country,
      region: stateProvince
    }).then((options) => {
      const shippingOption = options[0] || null;
      this.setState({
        shippingOptions: options,
        shippingOption: shippingOption,
      })
    }).catch((error) => {
      console.log('There was an error fetching the shipping methods', error);
  });
}

When the promise resolves, the response will be stored into this.state.shippingOptions which you can then use to render a list of shipping options in your template. Note that the shippingOption is set to the first index option in the array to have an option in the dropdown be displayed.

Alright, that wraps up all the checkout helper functions you'll want to create for the checkout page. Now it's time to execute and hook up the responses to your render function!

Start by chaining and calling the fetchShippingCountries() in the generateCheckoutToken function for ease of execution.

/**
 *  Generates a checkout token
 *  https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/checkout#generate-token
 */
generateCheckoutToken() {
  const { cart } = this.props;
  if (cart.line_items.length) {
    return commerce.checkout.generateToken(cart.id, { type: 'cart' })
      .then((token) => this.setState({ checkoutToken: token }))
      .then(() => this.fetchShippingCountries(this.state.checkoutToken.id))
      .catch((error) => {
        console.log('There was an error in generating a token', error);
      });
  }
}

Next, call generateCheckoutToken() in componentDidMount() and chain the call of fetchSubdivions() in the promise resolve of generateToken(). This ensures that your data is ready to be used when rendering your select options in your render function.

componentDidMount() {
  this.generateCheckoutToken().then(() => this.fetchSubdivisions(this.state.form.shipping.country));
}

In the same vein, you'll need to call the fetchShippingOptions() function to display the list of shipping options available. Add this.fetchShippingOptions(this.state) into a lifecycle hook that checks whether the shipping country state has changed.

componentDidUpdate(prevProps, prevState) {
  if (this.state.form.shipping.country !== prevState.form.shipping.country) {
    this.fetchShippingOptions(this.state);
  }
}

You will now need to bind all the data responses to the shipping form fields. In the shipping section of the JSX render you created earlier on, place all the markup underneath the Postal/Zip code input field:

<label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingCountry">Country</label>
<select
  value={this.state.shippingCountry}
  name="shippingCountry"
  className="checkout__select"
>
  <option disabled>Country</option>
  {
    Object.keys(shippingCountries).map((index) => {
      return (
        <option value={index} key={index}>{shippingCountries[index]}</option>
      )
    })
  };
</select>

<label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingStateProvince">State/province</label>
<select 
  value={this.state.shippingStateProvince}
  name="shippingStateProvince"
  className="checkout__select"
>
  <option className="checkout__option" disabled>State/province</option>
  {
    Object.keys(shippingSubdivisions).map((index) => {
      return (
        <option value={index} key={index}>{shippingSubdivisions[index]}</option>
      );
    })
  };
</select>

<label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingOption">Shipping method</label>
<select
  value={this.state.shippingOption.id}
  name="shippingOption"
  className="checkout__select"
>
  <option className="checkout__select-option" disabled>Select a shipping method</option>
  {
    shippingOptions.map((method, index) => {
      return (
        <option className="checkout__select-option" value={method.id} key={index}>{`${method.description} - $${method.price.formatted_with_code}` }</option>
      );
    })
  };
</select>

The three fields you just added:

  • Binds this.state.shippingCountry as the selected country and loops through the shippingCountries array to render as options
  • Binds this.state.shippingStateProvince as the selected state/province and iterates through the shippingSubivisions object to display the available list of countries
  • Binds this.state.shippingOption and loops through the shippingOptions array to render as options in the Shipping method field.

Currently the prepopulated data defined in the state earlier will be bound to each of the input but changes to the input fields have not been handled yet. An onChange handler will need to be added to handle necessary form field value changes. Create a handler function handleFormChanges() to update the state with changed input values. The handler will also need to be bound in the constructor.

handleFormChanges(e) {
  this.setState({
    [e.target.name]: e.target.value,
  });
};
this.handleFormChanges = this.handleFormChanges.bind(this)

The value prop here is setting the value to the latest state so that you can see the inputted value as it is being typed. Next, attach the handler to the onChange attribute in each of the input fields as well as the shipping state/province and shipping options select fields.

<form className="checkout__form" onChange={this.handleFormChanges}>
  <h4 className="checkout__subheading">Customer information</h4>

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="firstName">First name</label>
  <input className="checkout__input" type="text" onChange={this.handleFormChanges} value={this.state.firstName} name="firstName" placeholder="Enter your first name" required />

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="lastName">Last name</label>
  <input className="checkout__input" type="text" onChange={this.handleFormChanges} value={this.state.lastName}name="lastName" placeholder="Enter your last name" required />

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="email">Email</label>
  <input className="checkout__input" type="text" onChange={this.handleFormChanges} value={this.state.email} name="email" placeholder="Enter your email" required />

  <h4 className="checkout__subheading">Shipping details</h4>

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingName">Full name</label>
  <input className="checkout__input" type="text" onChange={this.handleFormChanges} value={this.state.shippingName} name="shippingName" placeholder="Enter your shipping full name" required />

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingStreet">Street address</label>
  <input className="checkout__input" type="text" onChange={this.handleFormChanges} value={this.state.shippingStreet} name="shippingStreet" placeholder="Enter your street address" required />

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingCity">City</label>
  <input className="checkout__input" type="text" onChange={this.handleFormChanges} value={this.state.shippingCity} name="shippingCity" placeholder="Enter your city" required />

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingPostalZipCode">Postal/Zip code</label>
  <input className="checkout__input" type="text" onChange={this.handleFormChanges} value={this.state.shippingPostalZipCode} name="shippingPostalZipCode" placeholder="Enter your postal/zip code" required />

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingCountry">Country</label>
  <select
    value={this.state.shippingCountry}
    name="shippingCountry"
    className="checkout__select"
  >
    <option disabled>Country</option>
    {
      Object.keys(shippingCountries).map((index) => {
        return (
          <option value={index} key={index}>{shippingCountries[index]}</option>
        );
      })
    };
  </select>

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingStateProvince">State/province</label>
  <select 
    value={this.state.shippingStateProvince}
    name="shippingStateProvince"
    onChange={this.handleFormChanges}
    className="checkout__select"
  >
    <option className="checkout__option" disabled>State/province</option>
    {
      Object.keys(shippingSubdivisions).map((index) => {
        return (
          <option value={index} key={index}>{shippingSubdivisions[index]}</option>
        );
      })
    };
  </select>

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="shippingOption">Shipping method</label>
  <select
    value={this.state.shippingOption.id}
    name="shippingOption"
    onChange={this.handleFormChanges}
    className="checkout__select"
  >
    <option className="checkout__select-option" disabled>Select a shipping method</option>
    {
      shippingOptions.map((method, index) => {
        return (
          <option className="checkout__select-option" value={method.id} key={index}>{`${method.description} - $${method.price.formatted_with_code}` }</option>
        );
      })
    };
  </select>

  <h4 className="checkout__subheading">Payment information</h4>

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="cardNum">Credit card number</label>
  <input className="checkout__input" type="text" name="cardNum" onChange={this.handleFormChanges} value={this.state.cardNum} placeholder="Enter your card number" />

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="expMonth">Expiry month</label>
  <input className="checkout__input" type="text" name="expMonth" onChange={this.handleFormChanges} value={this.state.expMonth} placeholder="Card expiry month" />

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="expYear">Expiry year</label>
  <input className="checkout__input" type="text" name="expYear" onChange={this.handleFormChanges} value={this.state.expYear} placeholder="Card expiry year" />

  <label className="checkout__label" htmlFor="ccv">CCV</label>
  <input className="checkout__input" type="text" name="ccv" onChange={this.handleFormChanges} value={this.state.ccv} placeholder="CCV (3 digits)" />

  <button className="checkout__btn-confirm">Confirm order</button>
</form>

For data such as the shipping country and shipping subdivisions, it is necessary to handle the option changes separately. You will want to re-fetch and populate the select options with a new set of subdivisions according to the country selected. Since only the US zone is enabled in the demo account, just create a handler to handle the shipping country option change as an example and bind the handler in the constructor. If shipping zones are also enabled at the subdivisions level, you will also want to handle changes to the subdivisions field.

handleShippingCountryChange(e) {
  const currentValue = e.target.value;
  this.fetchSubdivisions(currentValue);
};

Now update your shipping country select field by calling the handler in an onChange attribute.

<select
  value={this.state.shippingCountry}
  name="shippingCountry"
  className="checkout__select"
>
  <option disabled>Country</option>
  {
    Object.keys(shippingCountries).map((index) => {
      return (
        <option value={index} key={index}>{shippingCountries[index]}</option>
      );
    })
  };
</select>

Once all the data is bound to the field you are then able to collect the necessary data to convert the checkout into an order object.

4. Capture order

With all the data collected, you now need to associate it to each of the order properties in an appropriate data structure so you can confirm the order.

Create a handleCaptureCheckout() handler function and structure your returned data. Have a look at the expected structure here to send an order request.

handleCaptureCheckout(e) {
  e.preventDefault();
  const orderData = {
    line_items: this.state.checkoutToken.live.line_items,
    customer: {
      firstname: this.state.firstName,
      lastname: this.state.lastName,
      email: this.state.email,
    },
    shipping: {
      name: this.state.shippingName,
      street: this.state.shippingStreet,
      town_city: this.state.shippingCity,
      county_state: this.state.shippingStateProvince,
      postal_zip_code: this.state.shippingPostalZipCode,
      country: this.state.shippingCountry,
    },
    fulfillment: {
      shipping_method: this.state.shippingOption.id
    },
    payment: {
      gateway: "test_gateway",
      card: {
        number: this.state.cardNum,
        expiry_month: this.state.expMonth,
        expiry_year: this.state.expYear,
        cvc: this.state.ccv,
        postal_zip_code: this.state.billingPostalZipcode,
      },
    },
  };
  this.props.onCaptureCheckout(this.state.checkoutToken.id, orderData);
};

Follow the exact structure of the data you intend to send and attach a callback function onCaptureCheckout to the handler and pass the order data object along with the required checkoutToken.id.

You need a button to handle the clicking of order confirmation, let's add that right now as the last element before the closing </form> tag:

<button onClick={this.handleCaptureCheckout} className="checkout__btn-confirm">Confirm order</button>

Go back to your App.js to initialize an order data as an empty object where you store your returned order object.

this.state = {
  merchant: {},
  products: [],
  cart: {},
  isCartVisible: false,
  order: {},
};

Before creating an event handler to deal with your order capture, use another Commerce.js method called commerce.checkout.refreshCart(). When you call this function, it will refresh the cart in your state/session when the order is confirmed.

/**
 * Refreshes to a new cart
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/cart#refresh-cart
 */
refreshCart() {
  commerce.cart.refresh().then((newCart) => {
    this.setState({ 
      cart: newCart,
    });
  }).catch((error) => {
    console.log('There was an error refreshing your cart', error);
  });
};

Now create a helper function which will capture your order with the method commerce.checkout.capture(). It takes in the checkoutTokenId and the newOrder parameters. Upon the promise resolution, refresh the cart, store the order into the this.order property, and lastly use the router to push to a confirmation page which will be created in the last step.

/**
 * Captures the checkout
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/checkout#capture-order
 *
 * @param {string} checkoutTokenId The ID of the checkout token
 * @param {object} newOrder The new order object data
 */
handleCaptureCheckout(checkoutTokenId, newOrder) {
  commerce.checkout.capture(checkoutTokenId, newOrder).then((order) => {
    // Save the order into state
    this.setState({
      order,
    });
    // Clear the cart
    this.refreshCart();
    // Send the user to the receipt 
    this.props.history.push('/confirmation');
    // Store the order in session storage so we can show it again if the
    // user refreshes the page!
    window.sessionStorage.setItem('order_receipt', JSON.stringify(order));   
  }).catch((error) => {
    console.log('There was an error confirming your order', error);
  });
};

Now make sure you update and bind the necessary props and event handlers to a <Route> component passing in the <Checkout> component in the render:

<Route
  path="/checkout"
  exact
  render={(props) => {
    return (
      <Checkout
        {...props}
        cart={cart}
        onCaptureCheckout={this.handleCaptureCheckout}
      />
    );
  }}
/>

Lastly, create a simple confirmation view to display a successful order page.

5. Order confirmation

Under src/pages, create a new page component and name it Confirmation.js. Define an order prop for the parent component App.js to pass the order object down. Next, create your render function to output a simple UI for the confirmation screen.

class Confirmation extends Component {

  render() {
    const { order } = this.props;

    return (
      <div className="confirmation">
        <div className="confirmation__wrapper">
        <div className="confirmation__wrapper-message">
          <h4>Thank you for your purchase, {order.customer.firstname} {order.customer.lastname}!</h4>
          <p className="confirmation__wrapper-reference">
            <span>Order ref:</span> {order.customer_reference}
          </p>
        </div>
        <Link
          className="confirmation__wrapper-back"
          type="button"
          to="/"
        >
          <FontAwesomeIcon
              size="1x"
              icon="arrow-left"
              color="#292B83"
          />
          <span>Back to home</span>
        </Link>
        </div>
      </div>
    );
  };
};

export default Confirmation;

The JSX will render a message containing the customer's name and an order reference.

In your App.js again, attach your order prop to your <Route> <Checkout> component instance:

<Route
  path="/confirmation"
  exact
  render={(props) => {
    if (!this.state.order) {
      return props.history.push('/');
    }
    return (
      <Confirmation
        {...props}
        order={order}
      />
    )
  }}
/>

That's it!

You have now completed the full series of the Commerce.js and React demo store guides! You can find the full finished code in GitHub here!