Vue.js checkout

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Overview

In this guide you will learn how to create a checkout page that will capture cart items into an order. You'll also learn how to add a confirmation page to display successful orders to customers. Below outlines what this guide will achieve:

  1. Add page routing to the application
  2. Generate a checkout token to capture the order
  3. Create a checkout page with a form
  4. Create a confirmation page to display an order reference and receipt

See live demo

Vue.js checkout

Requirements

What you will need to start this project:

  • An IDE or code editor
  • NodeJS, at least v8
  • npm or yarn
  • Vue.js devtools (recommended)

Prerequisites

This project assumes you have some knowledge of the below concepts before starting:

  • Basic knowledge of JavaScript
  • Some knowledge of Vue.js
  • An idea of the Jamstack architecture and how APIs work

Some things to note

  • The purpose of this guide is to focus on the Commerce.js checkout integration, using Vue.js to build out the application. We will therefore not be covering styling details
  • We will not be going over any Font Awesome usage
  • We will not be going over any UI details that do not pertain much to Commerce.js methods

Checkout

1. Set up routing

For fully functional SPAs (single page applications) to scale, you will need to add routing in order to navigate to various view pages such to a cart or checkout flow. Let's jump right back to where we left off from the previous cart guide and add VueRouter, the official routing library for Vue applications, to your project.

yarn add vue-router
# OR
npm i vue-router

After adding the package, create a new folder called router in src with an index.js file. In this file, define your routes. First, import in vue-router and explicitly install VueRouter with Vue.use(VueRouter).

Next, define the routes you want to specify as views with the properties path, name, and component. This tells Vue to render the specified components in view at the URL paths.

// router/index.js

import Vue from 'vue';
import VueRouter from 'vue-router';

Vue.use(VueRouter);

const routes = [
    {
        path: '/',
        name: 'ProductsList',
        component: () => import('../components/ProductsList.vue')
    },
    {
        path: '/checkout',
        name: 'Checkout',
        component: () => import('../pages/Checkout.vue')
    },
    {
        path: '/confirmation',
        name: 'Confirmation',
        component: () => import('../pages/Confirmation.vue')
    },
]

const router = new VueRouter({ routes, mode: 'history' });

export default router;

As seen above, you'll want to refactor the ProductsList component into a router-view. While there, you'll also want to add routing to a checkout and confirmation page which will be civered in this guide. Next, instantiate a router instance and pass your defined route options to it. Here are some other methods to adding routing to your Vue application depending on the use case.

Lastly, to have access to this.$router in the application's components, inject the router option when the application mounts.

import router from './router';

new Vue({
  router,
  render: h => h(App),
}).$mount('#app');

Now with all the routes defined, refactor your ProductsList render in App.vue to use router-view and add your first routing to navigate to a checkout page from the cart component.

<router-view
  :products="products"
  @add-to-cart="handleAddToCart"
/>

Go to Cart.vue and add a second button in the cart footer with a router link to push into a checkout view component that will be added later on.

<div class="cart__footer">
  <router-link
    v-if="cart.line_items.length"
    class="cart__btn-checkout"
    to="/checkout"
  >
      Checkout
  </router-link>
</div>

The to prop in the router-link instance will look for a matching route and push the Checkout component into view.

Now divert back to your App.vue and generate a checkout token before moving any further.

2. Generate a checkout token

Commerce.js provides a powerful method commerce.checkout.generateToken() to capture all the data needed from the cart to initiate the checkout process. The checkout token needs a cart ID, a product ID, or a product's permalink as an argument to be initiated. Fort this guide, use a cart ID since you've already built the cart in the previous guide.

In App.vue, first initialize a checkoutToken in the data property and create a helper function generateCheckoutToken() to generate the checkout token needed to capture you checkout.

// App.vue

data: {
  return {
    checkoutToken: null,
  };
},

/**
 * Generates a checkout token
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/checkout#generate-token
 */
generateCheckoutToken() {
  this.$commerce.checkout.generateToken( this.cart.id, { type: 'cart' } ).then((token) => {
    this.checkoutToken = token;
  }).catch((error) => {
    console.log('There was an error in generating a token', error);
  });
},

The commerce.checkout.generateToken() takes in your cart ID and the identifier type cart. The type property is an optional parameter you can pass in as an identifier, in this case cart the type associated to this.cart.id.

To call this function, you could include it in the mounted lifecyle hook to generate a token when the component mounts,or you could execute this function only when the cart prop changes. To do so, utilize the watch property to watch for prop changes in the cart object, in which case checking whether line_items in cart exists. The latter would be a more elegant way to handle the execution of generateCheckoutToken().

Upon a successful request to generate the checkout token, you should receive an abbreviated response like the below json data:

{
  "id": "chkt_3l8XzLNjjR9WOl",
  "cart_id": "cart_nldQ8kbzy3QgMw",
  "created": 1602265312,
  "expires": 1602870112,
  "conditionals": {
    "collects_fullname": false,
    "collects_shipping_address": true,
    "collects_billing_address": false,
    "has_physical_delivery": true,
    "has_digital_delivery": true,
    "has_pay_what_you_want": false,
    "has_available_discounts": true,
    "collects_extrafields": false,
    "is_cart_free": false
  },
  "has": {
    "physical_delivery": true,
    "digital_delivery": true,
    "pay_what_you_want": false,
    "available_discounts": true
  },
  "is": {
    "cart_free": false
  },
  "products": [
    {
      "id": "prod_NqKE50BR4wdgBL",
      "created": 1594075580,
      "last_updated": 1600635997,
      "active": true,
      "permalink": "TSUTww",
      "name": "Kettle",
      "description": "<p>Black stove-top kettle</p>",
      "price": {
        "raw": 45.5,
        "formatted": "45.50",
        "formatted_with_symbol": "$45.50",
        "formatted_with_code": "45.50 USD"
      },
      "quantity": 0,
      "media": {
        "type": "image",
        "source": "https://cdn.chec.io/merchants/18462/images/676785cedc85f69ab27c42c307af5dec30120ab75f03a9889ab29|u9 1.png"
      },
      "sku": null,
      "sort_order": 0,
      "seo": {
        "title": null,
        "description": null
      },
      "is": {
        "active": true,
        "free": false,
        "tax_exempt": false,
        "pay_what_you_want": false,
        "quantity_limited": false,
        "sold_out": false
      },
      "has": {
        "digital_delivery": false,
        "physical_delivery": true,
        "images": true,
        "video": false,
        "rich_embed": false
      },
      "checkout_url": {
        "checkout": "https://checkout.chec.io/TSUTww?checkout=true",
        "display": "https://checkout.chec.io/TSUTww"
      },
      "extrafields": [],
      "variants": [],
      "categories": [
        {
          "id": "cat_3zkK6oLvVlXn0Q",
          "slug": "office",
          "name": "Home office"
        }
      ],
      "assets": [
        {
          "id": "ast_7ZAMo1Mp7oNJ4x",
          "url": "https://cdn.chec.io/merchants/18462/images/676785cedc85f69ab27c42c307af5dec30120ab75f03a9889ab29|u9 1.png",
          "is_image": true,
          "filename": "",
          "file_size": null,
          "file_extension": "",
          "meta": [],
          "created_at": 1594075541,
          "updated_at": 1594075541
        }
      ],
      "related_products": []
    },
  ],
  "gateways": {
    "available": {
      "test_gateway": true,
      "stripe": false,
      "square": false,
      "paypal": false,
      "paymill": false,
      "razorpay": false,
      "manual": false
    },
    "available_count": 1,
    "test_gateway": {
      "type": "card",
      "settings": []
    }
  },
  "shipping_methods": [
    {
      "id": "ship_kpnNwAjO9omXB3",
      "description": "US",
      "price": {
        "raw": 5,
        "formatted": "5.00",
        "formatted_with_symbol": "$5.00",
        "formatted_with_code": "5.00 USD"
      },
      "countries": [
        "US"
      ],
      "regions": {
        "US": [
          "US-AL",
        ]
      }
    },
  ],
  "live": {
    "merchant_id": 18462,
    "currency": {
      "code": "USD",
      "symbol": "$"
    },
    "subtotal": {
      "raw": 59,
      "formatted": "59.00",
      "formatted_with_symbol": "$59.00",
      "formatted_with_code": "59.00 USD"
    },
    "total": {
      "raw": 59,
      "formatted": "59.00",
      "formatted_with_symbol": "$59.00",
      "formatted_with_code": "59.00 USD"
    },
    "total_with_tax": {
      "raw": 59,
      "formatted": "59.00",
      "formatted_with_symbol": "$59.00",
      "formatted_with_code": "59.00 USD"
    },
    "total_due": {
      "raw": 59,
      "formatted": "59.00",
      "formatted_with_symbol": "$59.00",
      "formatted_with_code": "59.00 USD"
    },
    "line_items": [
      {
        "id": "item_7RyWOwmK5nEa2V",
        "product_id": "prod_NqKE50BR4wdgBL",
        "name": "Kettle",
        "product_name": "Kettle",
        "media": {
          "type": "image",
          "source": "https://cdn.chec.io/merchants/18462/images/676785cedc85f69ab27c42c307af5dec30120ab75f03a9889ab29|u9 1.png"
        },
        "sku": null,
        "quantity": 1,
        "price": {
          "raw": 45.5,
          "formatted": "45.50",
          "formatted_with_symbol": "$45.50",
          "formatted_with_code": "45.50 USD"
        },
        "line_total": {
          "raw": 45.5,
          "formatted": "45.50",
          "formatted_with_symbol": "$45.50",
          "formatted_with_code": "45.50 USD"
        },
        "type": "standard",
        "tax": {
          "is_taxable": false,
          "taxable_amount": null,
          "amount": null,
          "breakdown": null
        },
        "variants": []
      },
    ],
  },
}

With the verbose data that the generateCheckoutToken() returns, you now have a checkout token object which contains everything you need to create the checkout page.

3. Create checkout page

In step 1 you created the appropriate route options to navigate to a checkout page. You now need to create that view page to render when the router sends you to the /checkout path.

First, create a new folder src/pages and a Checkout.vue page component. This page component is going to get real hefty real fast, so this guide will break it down into chunks from thsi point forward.

The Checkout resource in Chec helps to handle one of the most complex moving parts of an eCommerce application. The Checkout endpoint comes with the core commerce.checkout.generateToken() and commerce.checkout.capture() methods along with Checkout helpers - additional helper functions for a seamlesspurchasing flow which will be covered later on.

In the Checkout.vue page component, start by initializing all the data needed in this component to build a checkout form. There are four core properties that are required to process an order using Commerce.js - customer, shipping, fulfillment, and payment. Start by defining the fields needed to capture in the form. The main property objects will all go under a form object. You will then bind these properties to each single field in your template with the v-model directive.

export default {
  name: 'Checkout',
  props: ['checkoutToken'],
  data() {
    return {
      form: {
        customer: {
          firstName: 'Jane',
          lastName: 'Doe',
          email: 'janedoe@email.com',
        },
        shipping: {
          name: 'Jane Doe',
          street: '123 Fake St',
          city: 'San Francisco',
          stateProvince: 'CA',
          postalZipCode: '94107',
          country: 'US',
        },
        fulfillment: {
          shippingOption: '',
        },
        payment: {
          cardNum: '4242 4242 4242 4242',
          expMonth: '01',
          expYear: '2023',
          ccv: '123',
          billingPostalZipCode: '94107',
        },
      },
    }
  }
},

In your template fields, bind the data to each of the v-model attributes in the input elements. The inputs will be pre-filled with the state data you created above.

<form class="checkout__form">
  <h4 class="checkout__subheading">Customer information</h4>

    <label class="checkout__label" for="firstName">First name</label>
    <input class="checkout__input" type="text" v-model="form.customer.firstName" name="firstName" placeholder="Enter your first name" required />

    <label class="checkout__label" for="lastName">Last name</label>
    <input class="checkout__input" type="text" v-model="form.customer.lastName" name="lastName" placeholder="Enter your last name" required />

    <label class="checkout__label" for="email">Email</label>
    <input class="checkout__input" type="text" v-model="form.customer.email" name="email" placeholder="Enter your email" required />

  <h4 class="checkout__subheading">Shipping details</h4>

    <label class="checkout__label" for="fullname">Full name</label>
    <input class="checkout__input" type="text" v-model="form.shipping.name" name="name" placeholder="Enter your shipping full name" required />

    <label class="checkout__label" for="street">Street address</label>
    <input class="checkout__input" type="text" v-model="form.shipping.street" name="street" placeholder="Enter your street address" required />

    <label class="checkout__label" for="city">City</label>
    <input class="checkout__input" type="text" v-model="form.shipping.city" name="city" placeholder="Enter your city" required />

    <label class="checkout__label" for="postalZipCode">Postal/Zip code</label>
    <input class="checkout__input" type="text" v-model="form.shipping.postalZipCode" name="postalZipCode" placeholder="Enter your postal/zip code" required />

  <h4 class="checkout__subheading">Payment information</h4>

    <label class="checkout__label" for="cardNum">Credit card number</label>
    <input class="checkout__input" type="text" name="cardNum" v-model="form.payment.cardNum" placeholder="Enter your card number" />

    <label class="checkout__label" for="expMonth">Expiry month</label>
    <input class="checkout__input" type="text" name="expMonth" v-model="form.payment.expMonth" placeholder="Card expiry month" />

    <label class="checkout__label" for="expYear">Expiry year</label>
    <input class="checkout__input" type="text" name="expYear" v-model="form.payment.expYear" placeholder="Card expiry year" />

    <label class="checkout__label" for="ccv">CCV</label>
    <input class="checkout__input" type="text" name="ccv" v-model="form.payment.ccv" placeholder="CCV (3 digits)" />

  <button class="checkout__btn-confirm" @click.prevent="confirmOrder">Confirm order</button>
</form>

The fields above contain all the customer details and payment inputs required to collect and complete an order. The shipping method data is also required in order to ship the items to the customer. Chec and Commerce.js has verbose shipment and fulfillment methods to handle this process. In the Chec Dashboard, worldwide shipping zones can be added in Settings > Shipping and then enabled at the product level. For this demo merchant account, we have enabled international shipping for each product.

We will now cover Commerce.js checkout helper functions that will help you:

  • Easily fetch a full list of countries, states, provinces, and shipping options to populate the form fields for fulfillment data collection
  • Get the live object and update it with any data changes from the form fields

3. Checkout helpers

First, initialize the empty objects and arrays required to store the responses from the checkout helper methods and list them under the form fields data:

data() {
  return {
    liveObject: {},
    shippingOptions: [],
    shippingSubdivisions: {},
    countries: {},
    loading: false,
  }

You'll want to now go through each of the initialized data and the checkout helper method that pertains to it. First have a look at the liveObject. The live object is a living object which adjusts to show the live tax rates, prices, and totals for a checkout token. This object will be updated every time a checkout helper executes and the data can be used to reflect the changing UI i.e. when the shipping option is applied or when tax is calculated. First create a method that will fetch the live object:

/**
 * Gets the live object
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/api/?javascript--cjs#get-the-live-object
 */
getLiveObject(checkoutTokenId) {
  this.$commerce.checkout.getLive(checkoutTokenId).then((liveObject) => {
    this.liveObject = liveObject;
  }).catch((error) => {
    console.log('There was an error getting the live object', error);
  });
},

This getLiveObject() function will fetch the current checkout live object at GETv1/checkouts/{checkout_token_id}/live with the method commerce.checkout.getLive and store the object in this.liveObject that you created earlier.

Upon a successful call, an abbreviated response might look like the below JSON data:

{
  "merchant_id": 18462,
  "currency": {
    "code": "USD",
    "symbol": "$"
  },
  "line_items": [
    {
      "id": "item_7RyWOwmK5nEa2V",
      "product_id": "prod_8XO3wpDrOwYAzQ",
      "product_name": "Coffee",
      "type": "standard",
      "sku": null,
      "quantity": 1,
      "price": {
        "raw": 7.5,
        "formatted": "7.50",
        "formatted_with_symbol": "$7.50",
        "formatted_with_code": "7.50 USD"
      },
      "line_total": {
        "raw": 7.5,
        "formatted": "7.50",
        "formatted_with_symbol": "$7.50",
        "formatted_with_code": "7.50 USD"
      },
      "variants": [],
      "tax": {
        "is_taxable": false,
        "taxable_amount": null,
        "amount": null,
        "breakdown": null
      }
    }
  ],
  "subtotal": {
    "raw": 7.5,
    "formatted": "7.50",
    "formatted_with_symbol": "$7.50",
    "formatted_with_code": "7.50 USD"
  },
  "discount": [],
  "shipping": {
    "available_options": [
      {
        "id": "ship_kpnNwAjO9omXB3",
        "description": "International",
        "price": {
          "raw": 5,
          "formatted": "5.00",
          "formatted_with_symbol": "$5.00",
          "formatted_with_code": "5.00 USD"
        },
        "countries": [
          "US",
          "CA",
        ]
      }
    ],
    "price": {
      "raw": 0,
      "formatted": "0.00",
      "formatted_with_symbol": "$0.00",
      "formatted_with_code": "0.00 USD"
    }
  },
  "tax": {
    "amount": {
      "raw": 0,
      "formatted": "0.00",
      "formatted_with_symbol": "$0.00",
      "formatted_with_code": "0.00 USD"
    }
  },
  "total": {
    "raw": 7.5,
    "formatted": "7.50",
    "formatted_with_symbol": "$7.50",
    "formatted_with_code": "7.50 USD"
  },
  "total_with_tax": {
    "raw": 7.5,
    "formatted": "7.50",
    "formatted_with_symbol": "$7.50",
    "formatted_with_code": "7.50 USD"
  },
  "giftcard": [],
  "total_due": {
    "raw": 7.5,
    "formatted": "7.50",
    "formatted_with_symbol": "$7.50",
    "formatted_with_code": "7.50 USD"
  },
}

You will be working with this response later when you update the selected shipping method. Next, start creating methods that will fetch a list of countries and subdivisions for a particular country.

With a created function fetchShippingCountries(), use commerce.services.localeListShippingCountries() at GET v1/services/locale/{checkout_token_id}/countries to fetch and list all countries available to ship to the checkout.

/**
 * Fetches a list of countries available to ship to checkout token
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/checkout#list-available-shipping-countries
 *
 * @param {string} checkoutTokenId
 */
fetchShippingCountries(checkoutTokenId) {
  this.$commerce.services.localeListShippingCountries(checkoutTokenId).then((countries) => {
      this.countries = countries.countries
  }).catch((error) => {
      console.log('There was an error fetching a list of countries', error);
  });
},

The response will be stored in the countries object you initialized earlier in our data object. You will then be able to use this countries object to iterate and display a list of countries in a select element later. The fetchStateProvince() function below will walk through the same pattern as well.

A country code argument is required to make a request with commerce.services.localeListSubdivisions() to GET v1/services/locale/{country_code}/subdivisions to get a list of all subdivisions for that particular country.

/**
 * Fetches the subdivisions (provinces/states) in a country which
 * can be shipped to for the current checkout
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/checkout#list-available-shipping-subdivisions
 *
 * @param {string} checkoutTokenId
 * @param {string} countryCode
 */
fetchShippingSubdivisions(checkoutTokenId, countryCode) {
  this.$commerce.services.localeListShippingSubdivisions(checkoutTokenId, countryCode).then((resp) => {
      this.shippingSubdivisions = resp.subdivisions
  }).catch((error) => {
      console.log('There was an error fetching the subdivisions', error);
  });
},

With a successful request, the response will be stored in the this.shippingSubdivions array and will be used to iterate and output onto a select element in your template later on.

For your next checkout helper function, fetch the current shipping options available in your merchant account. This function will fetch all the shipping options that were registered in the dashboard and are applicable to the products in your cart using the commerce.checkout.getShippingOptions() method. This function takes in two required parameters - the checkoutTokenId, the country code for the provide country in our data, and the region is optional.

/**
 * Fetches the available shipping methods for the current checkout
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/checkout#get-shipping-methods
 */
fetchShippingOptions(checkoutTokenId, country, stateProvince){
  this.$commerce.checkout.getShippingOptions(checkoutTokenId,
    { country: country, region: stateProvince }).then((options) => {
      this.shippingOptions = options;
    }).catch((error) => {
      console.log('There was an error fetching the shipping methods', error);
  });
},

When the promise resolves, the response will be stored into this.shippingOptions which you can then use to render a list of shipping options in your template.

The last checkout helper you will be adding before you start connecting the data in your template will be the commerce.checkout.checkShippingOption() method. This method helps to validate the shipping option selected for the provided checkout token and applies it to the live object to then send along with an order.

First, create a function called validateShippingOption() and call the commerce.checkout.checkShippingOption() method. This function takes in the checkoutToken.id, and shipping details object with the shippingOptionId, the country, and the region data. When the promise resolves, update fulfillment.shippingOption with the shippingOptionId. The liveObject will be updated also.

/**
 * Checks and validates the shipping method
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/api/?javascript--cjs#check-shipping-method
 */
validateShippingOption(shippingOptionId) {
  this.commerce.checkout.checkShippingOption(this.checkoutToken.id, {
    shipping_option_id: shippingOptionId,
    country: this.form.shipping.country,
    region: this.form.shipping.stateProvince
  }).then((resp) => {
    this.fulfillment.shippingOption = resp.id;
    this.liveObject = resp.live;
  }).catch((error) => {
    console.log('There was an error setting the shipping option', error);
  })
},

With a successful request, the live object will be returned along with the payload. An abbreviated response will look like the below JSON data:

{
  "merchant_id": 18462,
  "currency": {
    "code": "USD",
    "symbol": "$"
  },
  "line_items": [
    {
      "id": "item_7RyWOwmK5nEa2V",
      "product_id": "prod_8XO3wpDrOwYAzQ",
      "product_name": "Coffee",
      "type": "standard",
      "sku": null,
      "quantity": 1,
      "price": {
        "raw": 7.5,
        "formatted": "7.50",
        "formatted_with_symbol": "$7.50",
        "formatted_with_code": "7.50 USD"
      },
      "line_total": {
        "raw": 7.5,
        "formatted": "7.50",
        "formatted_with_symbol": "$7.50",
        "formatted_with_code": "7.50 USD"
      },
      "variants": [],
      "tax": {
        "is_taxable": false,
        "taxable_amount": null,
        "amount": null,
        "breakdown": null
      }
    }
  ],
  "subtotal": {
    "raw": 7.5,
    "formatted": "7.50",
    "formatted_with_symbol": "$7.50",
    "formatted_with_code": "7.50 USD"
  },
  "discount": [],
  "shipping": {
    "available_options": [
      {
        "id": "ship_kpnNwAjO9omXB3",
        "description": "International",
        "price": {
          "raw": 5,
          "formatted": "5.00",
          "formatted_with_symbol": "$5.00",
          "formatted_with_code": "5.00 USD"
        },
      }
    ],
    "price": {
      "raw": 0,
      "formatted": "0.00",
      "formatted_with_symbol": "$0.00",
      "formatted_with_code": "0.00 USD"
    }
  },
  "tax": {
    "amount": {
      "raw": 0,
      "formatted": "0.00",
      "formatted_with_symbol": "$0.00",
      "formatted_with_code": "0.00 USD"
    }
  },
  "total": {
    "raw": 7.5,
    "formatted": "7.50",
    "formatted_with_symbol": "$7.50",
    "formatted_with_code": "7.50 USD"
  },
  "total_with_tax": {
    "raw": 7.5,
    "formatted": "7.50",
    "formatted_with_symbol": "$7.50",
    "formatted_with_code": "7.50 USD"
  },
  "total_due": {
    "raw": 7.5,
    "formatted": "7.50",
    "formatted_with_symbol": "$7.50",
    "formatted_with_code": "7.50 USD"
  },
}

Alright, that wraps up all the checkout helper functions you'll want to create for the checkout page. Now it's time to execute and hook up the responses to your template!

Start by calling your getLiveObject when the component mounts:

mounted() {
  if (this.checkoutToken == null) {
    return;
  }
  this.getLiveObject(this.checkoutToken.id);
},

In the mounted() lifecycle hook, first check that the checkoutToken exists before calling the getLiveObject with the checkoutToken.id passed in as an argument.

Next, call both the fetchShippingCountries() and fetchShippingSubdivisions() functions when the component is created. This ensures that your data is ready to be used when rendering your select options in your template.

created() {
  this.fetchShippingCountries();
  this.fetchShippingSubdivisions(this.form.shipping.country);
},

In the same vein, you'll need to call the fetchShippingOptions() function to display the list of shipping options available. Add this.fetchShippingOptions(this.checkoutToken.id, this.form.shipping.country, this.form.shipping.stateProvince) in the mounted hook after calling this.getLiveObject(this.checkoutToken.id):

mounted() {
  if (this.checkoutToken === null) {
      return;
  }
  if (this.form.shipping.country) {
    this.fetchShippingOptions(this.checkoutToken.id, this.form.shipping.country, this.form.shipping.stateProvince);
  }
  this.getLiveObject(this.checkoutToken.id);
}

Lastly, create a couple of watch and computed properties to handle validating your shipping option and setting the selected shipping option.

watch: {
  selectedShippingOption() {
    this.validateShippingOption(this.form.fulfillment.shippingOption, this.form.shipping)
  }
},
computed: {
  selectedShippingOption() {
    return this.form.fulfillment.shippingOption;
  },

You will now need to bind all the data responses to the shipping form fields. In the shipping section of the template you created earlier on, place all the markup underneath the Postal/Zip code input field:

<label class="checkout__label" for="country">Country</label>
<select v-model="form.shipping.country" name="country" class="checkout__select">
  <option value="" disabled>Country</option>
  <option v-for="(country, index) in countries" :value="index" :key="index">{{ country }}</option>
</select>

<label class="checkout__label" for="stateProvince">State/province</label>
<select v-model="form.shipping.stateProvince" name="stateProvince" class="checkout__select">
  <option class="checkout__option" value="" disabled>State/province</option>
  <option v-for="(subdivision, index) in shippingSubdivisions" :value="index" :key="index">{{ subdivision }}</option>
</select>

<label class="checkout__label" for="shippingOption">Shipping method</label>
<select v-model="form.fulfillment.shippingOption" name="shippingOption" class="checkout__select">
  <option class="checkout__select-option" value="" disabled>Select a shipping method</option>
  <option class="checkout__select-option" v-for="(method, index) in shippingOptions" :value="method.id" :key="index">{{ `${method.description} - $${method.price.formatted_with_code}` }}</option>
</select>

The three fields you just added:

  • Binds the form.shipping.country as the selected country and loops through the shippingSubdivisions array to render as options
  • Binds the form.shipping.stateProvince as the selected state/province and iterates through the countries object to display the available list of countries
  • Binds the form.fulfillment.shippingOption and loops through the shippingOptions array to render as options in the Shipping method field.

Once all the data is bound to the field you are then able to collect the necessary data to convert the checkout into an order object.

4. Capture order

With all the data collected you now need to associate it to each of the order properties in an appropriate data structure so you can confirm the order.

Create a confirmOrder() function and structure your returned data. Have a look at the expected structure here to send an order request.

confirmOrder() {
  const orderData = {
      line_items: this.checkoutToken.live.line_items,
      customer: {
        firstname: this.form.customer.firstName,
        lastname: this.form.customer.lastName,
        email: this.form.customer.email
    },
    shipping: {
      name: this.form.shipping.name,
      street: this.form.shipping.street,
      town_city: this.form.shipping.city,
      county_state: this.form.shipping.stateProvince,
      postal_zip_code: this.form.shipping.postalZipCode,
      country: this.form.shipping.country,
    },
    fulfillment: {
      shipping_method: this.form.fulfillment.shippingOption
    },
    payment: {
      gateway: "test_gateway",
      card: {
        number: this.form.payment.cardNum,
        expiry_month: this.form.payment.expMonth,
        expiry_year: this.form.payment.expYear,
        cvc: this.form.payment.ccv,
        postal_zip_code: this.form.payment.billingPostalZipCode
      }
    }
  };
  this.loading = true;
  this.$emit('confirm-order', this.checkoutToken.id, orderData);
}

Follow the exact structure of the data you intend to send and emit the object along with the required checkoutToken.id. You'll want to set the loading to true while the order request is resolving and emit an event called confirm-order and attach it to a click event in a button element to process the form submission.

Add that right now as the last element before the closing </form> tag:

<button class="checkout__btn-confirm" :disabled="loading" @click.prevent="confirmOrder">
  {{ loading ? 'Loading...' : 'Confirm order' }}
</button>

Attach your confirmOrder() method to the click event and use a conditional statement in the template that will first render a Loading... while the promise is resolving (more on this later when you get to making a request to capture the order). Make the button disabled while the order is processing to stop your customers from double clicking on the button and causing it to process twice.

Go back to your App.vue to initialize an order data with a null value where you store your returned order object.

data() {
  return {
    products: [],
    cart: {},
    checkoutToken: null,
    order: null,
  };
},

Before creating an event handler to deal with your order capture, use another Commerce.js method called commerce.checkout.refreshCart(). When you call this function, it will refresh the cart in your state/session when you confirm your order:

/**
 * Refreshes to a new cart
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/cart#refresh-cart
 */
refreshCart() {
  this.$commerce.cart.refresh().then((newCart) => {
    this.cart = newCart;
  }).catch((error) => {
    console.log('There was an error refreshing your cart', error);
  });
},

Now create a helper function which will capture your order with the method commerce.checkout.capture(). It takes in the checkoutTokenId and the newOrder parameters. Upon the promise resolution, refresh the cart, store the order into the this.order property, and lastly use the router to push to a confirmation page which will be created in the last step.

/**
 * Captures the checkout
 * https://commercejs.com/docs/sdk/checkout#capture-order
 *
 * @param {string} checkoutTokenId The ID of the checkout token
 * @param {object} newOrder The new order object data
 */
handleConfirmOrder(checkoutTokenId, newOrder) {
  this.$commerce.checkout.capture(checkoutTokenId, newOrder).then((order) => {
    this.refreshCart();
    this.order = order;
    this.$router.push('/confirmation', { order });
  }).catch((error) => {
      console.log('There was an error confirming your order', error);
  });
},

Now make sure you update and bind the necessary props and event handlers to router-view instance:

<router-view
  :products="products"
  :cart="cart"
  :checkout-token="checkoutToken"
  @add-to-cart="handleAddToCart"
  @confirm-order="handleConfirmOrder"
/>

Lastly, create a simple confirmation view to display a successful order page.

5. Order confirmation

Under src/pages, create a new page component and name it Confirmation.vue. Go ahead and write the necessary datain the script tag:

export default {
  name: 'Confirmation',
  props: ['order'],
  methods: {
    backToHome() {
      this.$router.push('/');
      // For setting nav back to visible
      this.$emit('back-to-home');
    }
  }
}

Define an order prop for the parent component App.vue to pass the order object down, then create a method called backToHome() to attach a Back to home link you will need in your confirmation page.

Next, create your template to output a simple UI for the confirmation screen:

<template>
  <div class="confirmation">
    <div class="confirmation__wrapper">
      <div class="confirmation__wrapper-message">
        <h3>Thank you for your purchase, {{ order.customer.firstname }} {{ order.customer.lastname }}!</h3>
        <h4 class="confirmation__wrapper-reference">
          <span>Order ref:</span> {{ order.customer_reference }}
        </h4>
      </div>
      <button type="button" class="confirmation__wrapper-back" @click="backToHome">
        <font-awesome-icon size="1x" icon="arrow-left" color="#292B83"/>
        <span>Back to home</span>
      </button>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

This template will render a message containing the customer's name and an order reference. The Back to home button will change the route and send the user back to the home page.

In your App.vue again, attach your order prop as well as your backToHome() event to your router-view instance:

<router-view
  :products="products"
  :cart="cart"
  :checkout-token="checkoutToken"
  :order="order"
  @confirm-order="handleConfirmOrder"
  @add-to-cart="handleAddToCart"
  @back-to-home="handleBackToHome"
/>

Attach a handleBackToHome function to set your cart navigation back to true.

We have left the cart navigation UIdetails out of this tutorial.

That's it!

You have now wrapped up the full series of the Commerce.js > Vue.js demo store guides! You can find the full finished code in GitHub here!